The short answer is yes; you can add oil to a car’s engine at any time. However, it may not be safe for you to add oil to a hot engine. Let me explain.
Cars will display an oil level warning message when there isn’t enough in the engine. Your car may have an oil leak through a perforated oil pan. The oil may also leak past the piston rings and burn, thus reducing the oil level. The warning in most cars is a yellow symbol of a small oil can. Since ignoring this message could mean irreversible damage to your car’s engine, you may immediately try to top it up.
Based on simple physics, pouring cool oil into a hot engine could cause the metal to crack. That sudden shrinking of already expanded metal bits may irreversibly damage your car’s engine. However, a car’s engine is a robust component that can withstand those temperature fluctuations. Metal is not as fragile as glass that would immediately crack. Additionally, engine oil changes temperature much slower than water, further minimizing the impact of cool oil on the metal parts. You also need to pour the oil a bit at a time and allow it to drain down back. That delay gives the engine time to cool down.
Your concern, therefore, should be whether you are safe working on a hot engine. While metal may not be affected by the temperature fluctuations, you need to protect yourself from burns. Wear thick gloves before touching the oil filler cap, and give it a few minutes to cool down a bit.
Adding Engine Oil
Ensure there is no overfilling when you are adding oil. You can tell how much oil you need to add by checking the min and max marking on the dipstick. Usually, these two markings have a difference of one quart. Therefore, to get an accurate measurement, add about an eighth of a quart at a time. Keep checking the level until it’s near the maximum.
Correct Oil Level
A vehicle’s oil level needs to be correct for its engine to function correctly. The oil is crucial for lubricating the moving engine parts. Internal combustion produces small amounts of dirt and soot, easily blocking narrow pathways. The detergents in engine oil dissolve such dirt, preventing blockages. You can see this solution as the black color of old oil.
Engine oil is also vital for cooling the car’s engine. The oil needs to remain effective in the extremely hot temperatures of a running engine. It does this through an oil cooler. The oil cooler keeps the oil temperature stable enough to be pumped through the engine at the right pressure. Poor lubrication in an engine leads to low oil pressure, lowering the unit’s efficiency.
The vital role of engine oil should motivate you always to ensure it is at the correct level. Low engine oil levels will cause the engine to overheat as it strains to deliver more power. When engine oil overhears, its molecular structure breaks up, and it degrades. Degraded oil has minimal lubricating and cooling properties, thus unable to maintain the desired oil pressure in the engine. You will notice damage to the cylinder heads and other engine parts and eventually total engine failure.
Importance of Checking the Engine Oil Level
Your car may have the most efficient engine, but it will burn small amounts of engine oil. The movement of pistons allows for oil to leak into the combustion cylinders, which get burned during combustion. A crankcase ventilation system also facilitates the entry of oil fumes into the intake manifold. Such losses are minimal in newer engines. However, oil leaks increase as engine parts wear and seals are no longer as effective.
Hence, it is critical to examine the engine oil levels regularly to ensure there is enough oil. You may do so with the dip stick. Newer cars feature electronic level controllers that automatically measure the oil levels. While such innovations simplify the checking process, the most accurate measurement remains the dip stick. Since electronic sensors can fail, it is advisable to use the dip stick regularly.
For an accurate reading, leave the engine running to warm the oil up to its ideal working temperature. Since hot oil expands, adding engine oil to a cold engine means you will have more oil than is necessary. Overfilling the engine could lead to damage.
Changing the Engine Oil
Your car’s engine needs to be regularly drained of old oil in order to run efficiently. Most cars have a predetermined mileage or period after which the change is mandatory. The best time for an oil change is when the engine is warm. Warm oil has a higher viscosity than cold oil, thus making it easier to drain. Avoid attempting to drain the oil in an extremely hot car. Not only is it unsafe for you, but you may also destroy the engine.
You should also swap the oil filter as you replace the motor oil. Oil filters collect sediments from engine oil running in your car. A new filter thus helps keep the new oil more usable for longer.
- Under the drain plug beneath the motor, place a drain pan. Check your car’s engine oil capacity to get a pan large enough to hold all the oil you are about to drain.
- Next, use a crescent wrench to unscrew the drain plug and let the oil drain out. After draining the oil, reconnect the plug to the oil pan.
- Remove the oil filter by using an oil filter wrench. You will find the oil filter under the front exhaust manifold.
- Smear some motor oil around the oil filter gasket using your fingers. The smeared oil makes it easier to remove the filter on the following oil change.
- Assemble the new oil filter by screwing it into the housing. Avoid using a wrench since it could tear the threads of the oil filter.
- Under the hood, remove the oil filler cap from the valve cover.
- Oil the engine about half the amount recommended. Locate, then pull the engine dip stick and wipe it clean with a rug. Use the dip stick to evaluate the oil level. Keep adding the oil at about an eight a quart at a time until you hit the recommended amount.
- Give the engine a five-minute run. Next, turn it off and let it sit for five minutes. If necessary, top off the oil.
Engine oil is an important fluid in how smoothly your car will run. Since all engines lose some of their oil over time, you need to check engine oil levels regularly. You should check the engine when it is warm to get an accurate reading. Add oil if the oil is less than the minimal level and it’s not yet time to change it. To keep your engine running smoothly, change the oil based on the suggested schedule.
To answer the question of, can you add oil to a hot engine? You can if you do it safely.